[43], In 1793, during the French Revolution, the cathedral was closed and briefly turned into a storehouse for grain, and then for a time into a Temple of Reason. Kontakt zum Besitzer. Bettwäsche . The interior of the church was adorned with gilding, mosaics, paintings, sculptures and tapestries. Its construction began in the early 13C. The windows in the bays of the triforium, just below the rose window, depict the coronations of the kings of France, and are the stained glass equivalent of the gallery of kings on the façade.[76]. Editor's note, April 19, 2019: This piece has been corrected to note that Rebecca Smith did not contribute to the analysis of the early wooden fragments from the church. Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Reims. A plan to rebuild the labyrinth ran into technical and administrative difficulties. The south tower holds just two great bells; one of them, named "Charlotte" by Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine in 1570, weighs more than 10,000 kilograms (10 t). Other figures represent the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, as well as a multitude of angels, and allegorical symbols of the vices and virtues.[62]. Jahr­hunderte­lang wurden hier die französischen Könige gekrönt. The cathedral of Chartres burned in 1836, that of Nantes in 1972. Al Jazeera English. A few of the higher windows in the Choir have their original 13th century glass, though most have been heavily restored or reassembled. But that is something architects who worked on Notre Dame de Reims have always taken into consideration. Another set of tapestries was presented to the cathedral in 1530 by Robert de Lenoncourt, archbishop under Francis I (1515–1547). With Reims now only a handful of miles from the front, the real destruction began. Its height is made possible through the use of a newer and stronger four-part rib vault, reinforced by the flying buttresses outside. Severely damaged during the First World War, the towers have been painstakingly restored to their original grandeur. No more inflammable tinder could have been devised, and no accelerant was required,” writes historian Jan Ziolkowski. But on the eve of the First World War in 1914, the cathedral’s magnificence brought it a different kind of attention: that of an easy target. As one of the Roman Empire’s largest cities, it hosted merchants from across the continent, and in 496 it also became the center of French Christendom. They used recovered wood fragments dating all the way back to around 1207 to prove the cathedral was under construction earlier than believed. The windows in the west portals are more modern; the small rose over the central portal was made by Jacques Simon in 1938, and is devoted to scenes related to the Virgin Mary, while the glass in the lateral tympanums is from 1959, with scenes from the life of Christ. [68] One celebrated scene is the communion of the knight; the Old Testament patriarch Abraham offers bread and wine to Melchizedek in the medieval armor of a knight, a preview of the Eucharist in the New Testament. Lorraine Boissoneault is a contributing writer to SmithsonianMag.com covering history and archaeology. - See 7,483 traveler reviews, 6,427 candid photos, and great deals for Reims, France, at Tripadvisor. Keep up-to-date on: © 2020 Smithsonian Magazine. [40] Following the death of Francis I, Henry II was crowned King of France on 25 July 1547 in Reims Cathedral. Admire the countless statues under the cathedral glow! or It is a copy of the original altar, made in 1747, and destroyed by the bombardment of the First World War. Terms of Use The transept is both wider and higher than the nave, because it was originally intended to have four towers and a higher central tower. [29], After a speedy beginning, the work was delayed between 1233 and 1236 due to a serious conflict between the Cathedrals' clergy and the city's wealthy upper class. As for the famous stained-glass windows, some had been rescued over the course of the war, while many others were remade by artists who referenced other Middle Age artworks, rather than trying to create a pastiche. The Cathedral of Reims, by Domenico Quaglio the Younger, Stained-glass at the west end of the northern aisle, The Cathedral of Reims at night Rêve de couleurs, Paving stone in cathedral nave commemorating baptism of Clovis by Saint Remi, Villard de Honnecourt's drawing of a flying buttress at Reims, ca. The Reims Cathedral is conveniently located in the heart of Reims. Work on the west façade took place in several phases, which is reflected in the very different styles of some of the sculptures. Particularly attention is given to local saints such as Nicasius. But the cathedral was still not finished. [5] The cathedral, a major tourist destination, receives about one million visitors annually. They are dedicated to the Virgin Mary (left); Christian saints (centre) and the Last Judgement (right). The adjoining residential wing was originally constructed in the Flamboyant Gothic style, but was largely reconstructed between 1686 and 1693 by the architect Robert de Cotte in a more classical style, including a triangular fronton over its façade a monumental double stairway. Search. Vote Now! The case of Reims Cathedral. In addition, six new stained glass windows designed by Imi Knoebel, a German artist, were inaugurated on June 25, 2011. [66], An additional decorative blind gallery was added to the upper walls after a fire of 1481, composed of a series of arches, pinnacles, trilobe rosettes and gables. [80], The talisman of Charlemagne (12th century), The chalice of Saint Remigius, used French coronations (12th and 19th c.), Detail of the reliquary of Saint Ursula (16th century). It occupies about half the length of the church, and has exceptional length and unity of style. Four large piers are in place in the transept which were originally intended to support the central tower. [18], At the beginning of the 10th century, an ancient crypt underneath the original church was rediscovered. Notre-Dame de Reims: The other cathedral that rose from the ashes. "Reims Cathedral : The Glory of Gothic Architecture." [79], The cathedral treasury contains an important collection of precious objects, particularly reliquaries, some of which were used in coronations or donated by French monarchs at the time of their coronation. This decree was largely followed for the next 500 years, including a famous episode in 1429 when Joan of Arc fought past opposing forces to bring the French prince to Reims where he could be legitimately crowned Charles VII.

cathédrale de reims reconstruction

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